Attractions in Mardin are like a time capsule from an earlier, simpler time. This region was under the Roman Empire for centuries and it was part of the Byzantine Empire. As trade routes were established through the region, local crafts flourished. These craftsmen became patrons of traveling attractions, particularly the churches they had built in their local village. These churches became tourist attractions as well.
Mardin has been called the “town of the dead” because of the many archaeological sites that can be seen there. It is the capital of Mardin Province, which is located in southern Turkey. The largest town of Mardin, Siirt, is located about five kilometers east of Mardin, while the second largest, Gokova, is four kilometers to the north. The capital of Mardin, Mardinlay, is also located about five kilometers from the northern coastal city of Marmaris.
The archaeological sites in the area surrounding Mardin include the tomb of St. Nicholas, the largest holy figure from the Greek Orthodox Church. A few kilometers to the south, you will find the ruins of a Roman amphitheater, which was used by soldiers to train for war. Other attractions in Mardin include the tomb of Emperor Trajan, the last Greek emperor to rule over the Roman Empire. The tomb of St. Barnabas is also found in Mardin. The most important architectural site in the region is the tenth century Syriac Orthodox Marmaris church, which was built during the twelfth century.
In the distant eastern reaches of the Mardin peninsula are two large oases, the Karpas and the Kopans. The former has a series of springs, called the Midyattu, which contain water that has been carved into beautiful basins; while the latter has an active volcano, the Kutokpela. A few kilometers to the east, another major attraction called the Midyati Mara is located about twenty kilometers from Mardin. It is believed to be the World Heritage Site of theagosian period.
Other important Attractions in Mardin include the ancient seat of the Qalii council (the supreme religious authority in the region), the tomb of the Byzantine scholar and traveler, Father Chrysostom, and a Syriac Orthodox monastery. To the north, there are a picturesque peninsula made of black volcanic sand, the Rose Valley, and the spring of Mardin. To the southwest, there is an ancient citadel with lovely gardens and swimming pools. To the northeast, there are an oasis, the Ghaglan, as well as an archaeological site, the Bahriiye Mosque.
Mardin is an ideal summer destination for both hikers and tourists. The landscape is picturesque with large fields of shade-grown olives and olive trees, and tranquil green valleys covered with evergreen pine trees. There are many walking trails and beautiful views to take in. The most famous Attractions in Mardin are the medieval stone houses, dating back to the fourth century, and the Karpas – or pink marble monasteries. The spring of Mardin also attracts travelers who come to witness the magical beauty of the setting sun.